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Evergreen Gardenworks
2017
Descriptive Catalog

Carpinus, Cedrus, Celtis, Chaenomeles, 


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Carpinus (Hornbeam) S\PS\M\Ls\B Deciduous trees native to North America and Asia. Most have beautiful pleated foliage that makes them especially useful for bonsai, although they also make good ornamental trees. All require protection from afternoon sun in hottest driest locations. Hornbeams make exceptional group plantings as well as specimen bonsai. The Asian species are traditional bonsai subjects, but the American hornbeam, C. caroliniana, will make equally good bonsai.
Carpinus turczaninovii

The growth rate of the hornbeam species varies greatly. This is of particular importance if you are growing them out for larger trunked bonsai. From fastest to slowest they rank: C. betulus, C. turczaninovii, C. japonica, C. laxiflora, C. caroliniana, C. coreana. C. coreana is very popular because of its small leaves and very ramified growth pattern. However, it takes a signifcantly longer time to achieve trunk caliper. There is really not much difference in the growth rate of C. japonica, C. laxiflora, and C. caroliniana. Mature hornbeam specimen will produce hop-like flowers and seed pods. This is an especially attractive addition for bonsai. Cutting produced plants from mature wood are capable of flowering in a year or two as opposed to seven years or more for seedlings.

We currently only offer C. coreana, and C. betulus. We consider these two of the best for bonsai. Korean hornbeam for smaller bonsai, and European for faster larger bonsai.

2065 Carpinus betulus (European Hornbeam)S\M\Ls\B\-20? Pyramidal deciduous tree to forty feet. Yellow fall color, leaves two to five inches, will reduce nicely for bonsai. This species is often used for bonsai in the west. One of the fastest growing hornbeams. Our 2 3/4 inch pot size plants are relatively straight and pruned down to about 16 inches. One gallon size plants are grown out and pruned down to about 16 inches to force low branching, and make excellent #1 trees for group plantings.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 Sorry, Sold Out
FOUR INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out
 
Carpinus betulus

 
2070 Carpinus coreana (Korean Hornbeam) -20? In our opinion the finest hornbeam for smaller bonsai. The tiny pleated leaves reduce easily to under 1 inch and it attains a zig-zag twiggy character after only a year in a bonsai pot. The real treat is in the fall when the leaves turn red, yellow and orange, not diffusely but in stripes. We have seen leaves where one half of the leaf separated by the midvein was red and the other half yellow or orange. The striping will also occur between the side veins of the leaves. It should also make a very nice small ornamental tree. Needs protection from afternoon sun the hottest, driest areas. This is a slower growing hornbeam and in general, it take twice as long as the other species to achieve similar trunk caliper. Our 2 3/4 inch size plants are thinner than the other hornbeams and rather willowy. They will require staking and several years of growth to achieve the caliper of our one gallon size plants. The one gallon size plants, when available, are field grown, root pruned plants. They are grown out in one gallon cans and then pruned down to about 12 inches. Trunk caliper is about 3/8 to 1/2 inches, and they are nicely branched. 2 3/4 inch pot size are about 6 to 10 inches tall with about 3/16 inch caliper. All sizes are seedling grown.
FOUR INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out


Carpinus coreana

Cedrus (Cedar) S\D\-10? to 0\Ls\B Evergreen trees. True cedars are native the Mediterranean and the Himalayas. They are easy to grow, tough, drought resistant plants. Cold hardiness depends on the species. Showy 'wood roses' seed cones, medium growth ultimately to 60 feet or more except for dwarf and weeping types which can be shaped and are very valuable for bonsai. True cedars, Cedrus species, should not be confused with so called false cedars, Chamaecyparis and some Juniperus species. Pictured is Jim Gremel's award winning Cedar.

For more information see the article Cedars for Bonsai

Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca'


2150 Cedrus atlantica (Atlas Cedar) -10 Pale blue green foliage in tufts, much used for formal upright bonsai. Native to the Atlas mountains of North Africa. 2 3/4 inch pots are 6 to 10 inches tall, 3/16 inch caliper. Seedling grown plants 
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12
FOUR INCH POTS $18





2165 Cedrus libani (Cedar of Lebanon) -20\Ls\B Slow growing; needles slightly longer than C. atlantica at just over 1 inch long; Bright green, but still has a faint bluish cast; spreads picturesquely as it matures. Excellent bonsai subject. Seedlings.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12
ONE GALLON SIZE $40


2170 Cedrus brevifolia (Cedar of Cyprus) 0\Ls\B As 'Brevifolia' (small foliage) implies, this rare tree is similar to the Cedar of Lebanon but smaller in all aspects: needles, cones, height. It is also greener than C. libani, which has a bluish cast. Rarely found in cultivation, we have obtained seedlings of this tree that are very short needled and remarkably uniform. The lack of a graft also makes for superior bonsai, and a more economical value. Pictured is 2 3/4 inch pot size. One gallon size will be pruned down to about 16 inches with a trunk caliper of about 3/4 inch. They are relatively straight and nicely branched. Pictured is 2 3/4 inch pot size. This is the only cedar suitable for smaller bonsai.
Available again in 2019?
Cedrus brevifolia

Celtis

2179 Celtis occidentalis (Western Hackberry) S\M\-40\Ls\B
Deciduous tree to 75 feet tall, leaves lance shaped, 4 inches, but can be reduced incredibly in bonsai situations (to less than one inch). Bark is warty or furrowed, tan when young turning grey with age. Deep purple small round fruits. This is an incredibly tough tree that makes a beautiful bonsai, more suited, I believe, than even C. sinensis, the traditional bonsai species. This species is capable of incredible leaf and internode reduction. Shohin may have 1/2 inch leaves with 1/4 inch internodes. In bonsai culture, the thin, fine branches have a tendency to arch in an almost weeping habit. Bonsai pictured is about 12 inches tall, five years in training. Seedlings.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12
FOUR INCH POTS $18
ONE GALLON SIZE $35
 

 
Celtis

Chaenomeles (Flowering Quince, Shudome) S\PS\M\-40\RG\Ls\B Deciduous shrubs. Used by the Chinese community in the San Francisco Bay Area as a substitute for peach and mume blossoms to celebrate the New Year, this plant flowers in the spring before it gets its new foliage making a striking display of color while the rest of the garden is still in its winter sleep. Large types are 8 to 10 feet, smaller types to 4 feet. Many flower colors and types including fully double ones.

An easy to grow and incredibly tough plant. Will withstand extreme cold and intense heat; grows in almost any soil. Prune while in flower or shortly after; flowers form on wood one year old or older. Most of the hybrid types set edible yellow fruits although it is so sour that it is only suitable for jam. However the ripening fruit is intensely fragrant and can be smelled throughout the garden in late fall. Try sticking a softened quince (use a microwave) in a chicken cavity before baking for a wonderful clean added flavor to the meat and add some to the gravy too. It is also a traditional bonsai plant, and the fruit is a real bonus, easily achieved even on bonsai sized plants. Chaenomeles should not be confused with so called Chinese quince which is Pseudocydonia sinensis, which we no longer carry. Chinese quince are mainly grown for the fruit, not the flowers, and form tree like trunks.

Plants pruned in summer for bonsai will sometimes open a few flowers again in the fall. All of our plants are cutting grown and will flower the year after you receive them. Some cultivars require part sun or morning sun in the hottest driest locations. These will be indicated below. Many of these cultivars have been imported from Japan and are not in commercial production except through our nursery. All of our Chaenomeles are cutting grown plants one year or older. 2 3/4 inch pot size plants are pruned down to about six inches tall, and older plants will have moving trunks (curves achieved through pruning). We find moving trunks give added interest since it is virtually impossible to achieve any decent trunk caliper on Chaenomeles in a reasonable amount of time.

For more information see the article Flowering Quince for Bonsai

Specimen Quince

2185 Chaenomeles 'Apple Blossom' Pink and white blossoms on a 6 foot x 8 foot plant. Profuse bloomer. This is a very popular cultivar in the US. It is one of the larger types, suitable for decent bonsai trunk formation.
4 INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out
 

2190 Chaenomeles 'Bloodred' A large single red flowered quince on a very thick trunk (for Chaenomeles)with minimal suckering. It is one of the larger types, suitable for decent bonsai trunk formation. Flowering is good, but not quite as profuse as some of the other larger types.
4 INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out

2200 Chaenomeles 'Cameo' A very popular low type with no thorns and double salmon pink flowers. A prolific bloomer often repeating in summer and fall.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 
Cameo

2208 Chaenomeles 'Chojubai White' This is a one of the smallest cultivars with very pale yellow flowers that are also small. This is as close as one can get to the mythical yellow Quince. It is very floriferous and a natural for small bonsai or accent plant. The leaves are sometimes edged in white. Needs protection from afternoon sun in the hottest, driest areas. There is also a red 'Chojubai' (below). Since Japanese names did not always apply to 'cultivars' as we know them in the west until recently, there are many problems in identifying clones from Japan. These are fairly slow growing small plants with much smaller leaves, flowers, and stems. They will be substantially smaller than our other 2 3/4 inch Chaenomeles.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 Sorry, Sold Out

 
Chojubai

2207 Chaenomeles 'Chojubai Red' Similar to 'Chojubai White' except that it has red flowers and a smaller habit. Not quite as strong growing as 'Chojubai White'. This cultivar is very difficult to grow in our hot dry climate, and is best kept above 20F in winter. We have been keeping ours in a cold greenhouse in summer and under 40% shadecloth in summer. 
Available Again in 2018
Chaenomeles 'Chojubai Red'

2210 Chaenomeles 'Chojuraku' A medium tall type, grows to 6 feet. Very showy large double orange flowers. This is an unusual flower color for a quince, very striking.
4 INCH POTS $18
ONE GALLON SIZE $35 
Chojuraku

2220 Chaenomeles 'Contorted Red' A low growing type to 3 or 4 feet with fantastically contorted stems. Deep red buds followed by medium reddish pink single flowers. We have a plant in the ground that is now five years old and it is only 18 inches by 3 feet. It is a very well behaved slow grower, much less aggressive than 'Contorted White'. Needs protection from afternoon sun in hottest driest locations.
4 INCH POTS $18
 

2228 Chaenomeles Contorted Salmon Pink' This is an introduction from our nursery. It is an open pollinated seedling of 'Contorted White'. The flowers are a very nice salmon pink and remain pink even as they age. The plant has all the contorta qualities, even the roots are contorted.
2 /34 INCH POTS $12 
4 INCH POTS $18

2230 Chaenomeles 'Contorted White' Similar to above but accepts full sun and is more vigorous to 5 or 6 feet. Pink buds open to single white flowers. Very floriferous and sets large yellow fruit. This is a larger trunked cultivar suitable for single stemmed bonsai specimen status.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 

ONE GALLON SIZE $35 Sorry, Sold Out

Contorted White

2240 Chaenomeles 'Embers' A low type with profuse clusters of intensely saturated deep red single flowers. Often repeats flowering in summer and fall.
FOUR INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out
 
Embers

2245 Chaenomeles 'Falconet Charlotte' A tall type with beautiful salmon pink double flowers. Rated one of the best. Makes good single trunked bonsai, but is slower than some of the other larger types.
4 INCH POTS  $18 
Falconet Charlotte

2250 Chaenomeles 'Hime' A low type to 3 or 4 feet with profuse small single red flowers with prominent yellow anthers. Often repeats bloom. The half inch wide flowers and twiggy growth make it one of the best for smll bonsai or as an accent plant.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 
Hime

2255 Chaenomeles 'Iwai Nishiki' Deep red double camellia shaped flowers in clusters that make a spectacular display. This is the most striking Quince flower that we have ever seen. Needs protection from afternoon sun in the hottest driest locations. This is another one of the few Chaenomeles cultivars that forms a reasonably thick trunk in a reasonable amount of time. It tends to form a low spreading crown of thick stems, 3 feet x 5 feet.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 
FOUR INCH POTS $18
 
Iwai Nishiki

2265 Chaenomeles 'Kan Toyo' A low grower with small half inch pinkish white flowers. The small flower size make it useful for bonsai. The flower petals are often multicolored, somewhat like a miniature version of 'Toyo Nishiki'
FOUR INCH POTS $18 

2270 Chaenomeles 'Kingishi' A medium growing plant to 4 or 5 feet with large single orange flowers. The flower color is very similar to 'Chojuraku', but the flowers are single rather than double.
FOUR INCH POTS $18 

2278 Chaenomeles 'Kuro' Similar to 'Kurokoji' below except that the flowers are a shade less deep red, although still redder than any other quince you are likely to see. The growth is nicer than 'Kurokoji', it is low growing with small leaves and has good bonsai potential.  
FOUR INCH POTS $18 

2280 Chaenomeles 'Kurokoji' A stiff upright plant to about 6 feet with the deepest red single flowers we have ever seen. The texture of the petals reminds one of red velvet. Needs some protection from afternoon sun in hottest driest locations. This quince does open flowers later, just before, or at the same time as leaf bud break. This cultivar suckers more than most quinces making a specimen bonsai difficult, but the intense flowers make excellent accent plants.
FOUR INCH POTS $18
Kurokoji

2300 Chaenomeles 'Nivalis' A tall white single flowered form blooming after the leaves have appeared. This is another cultivar that will form a reasonably thick trunk.  
FOUR INCH POTS $18
ONE GALLON SIZE $35 
 Nivalis

2305 Chaenomeles 'Not Minerva' This plant came to us as 'Minerva', but its soft pink flowers made us realize that it could not be. So we started calling it 'Not Minerva', the name stuck, and now it seems nothing else fits. The flowers were so nice we kept it and followed it for a few years, then introduced it. Many people comment on the unusually attractive flower color. It is undoubtedly a seedling, perhaps from 'Minerva'. It is a hardy, vigorous plant but not large, probably will grow to 5 feet. The additional attraction is the abundance of fruit that this plant sets. It is absolutely loaded with 2 inch yellow fruit in the fall. We have had as many as 4 fruit clinging to one of our 6 inch tall rooted cuttings in a 2 3/4 inch pot. The pleasing pink flowers, reliable fruit production, and nice small, very dark green leaves, and good branching should make it an excellent candidate for bonsai.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12 
4 INCH POTS $18
ONE GALLON SIZE $35
  
Not Minerva

2310 Chaenomeles 'Orange Delight' A very popular landscape plant with a profusion of single orange flowers. Very low growing to 3 feet. Repeats blooms and sets many small yellow fruits (pictured). Works well for smaller bonsai and accent plants, and will set fruit easily on bonsai sized plants.
Available again 2018
   
Orange Delight
Orange Delight Fruit

2320 Chaenomeles 'O Yashima' A vigorous tall type to about 6 feet with large double white showy flowers. Another cultivar that will form a reasonably thick trunk. This is probably the most spectacular double white quince.
2  3/4 INCH POTS $12
FOUR INCH POTS $18
O Yashima

2330 Chaenomeles 'Pink Beauty' Medium tall shrub with clear-pink flowers in early spring. This is a strong grower that flowers well.
FOUR INCH POTS $18
Pink Beauty

New! 2340 Chaenomeles 'Simonii Perfecta' Medium shrub with exquisite bright saturated red flowers. Not quite like any of our other red cultivars.
2 3/4 INCH POTS $12
FOUR INCH POTS $18  


2370 Chaenomeles 'Toyo Nishiki' Unusual form with pink and also white flowers on the same branch. This cultivar is a chimera and will sometimes throw a branch of red flowers only; a most exciting development when it happens. The photo shows a stem of pink and white flowers with a stem of red flowers. Much more rarely a cluster of flowers will be all three colors together. Some years the individual petals will be striped white, pink and red. The fruits can be quite large as shown by the lower photo. A very vigorous upright tall type to 6 or 7 feet with wicked thorns. Bonsai with all three colors are usually the result of grafted plants, where a branch of red only flowers is grafted in the desired location.

Red flowering branches do not have any pink or white flowers and may be cutting propagated to produce plants that have red flowers only. Plants of these red only flowers are extremely rare. We offer these to those of you who wish to graft to produce true three color 'Toyo Nishiki' bonsai.

This is a large stemmed cultivar suitable for specimen plants and probably the most popular cultivar for bonsai.
FOUR INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out
ONE GALLON SIZE $35 
2 3/4 INCH POTS OF RED ONLY FLOWERING PLANTS $12  

Toyo Nishiki Toyo Nishiki Fruit


2371 Chaenomeles 'Toyo Nishiki Improved' This introduction has been ten years in the making. Nearly all of the 'Toyo Nishiki' flowering quince on the market are of the type shown above, basically pink and white flowers with a rare branch of pure red flowers. Occasionally you will see a multi-colored flower. About ten years ago, one of our stock plants sported a branch with flowers of all three colors and also multi-colored single flowers such as the ones pictured here. These are just like the flower patterns of Satsuki azaleas. We have been watching the stock plants and offspring from this sport for a decade now and it appears to be stable. The photo at the right was taken in 2013 (click on image for larger size). The flowering is variable and quite unpredictable. Some branches (see lower photo) will be mostly red flowers, others mostly pink and white, but nearly all will also have multi-colored flowers as well. Finally, a true 3 color 'Toyo Nishiki' that is stable and reliable.

2013 was the first year we  offered cuttings of this rare and beautiful plant. 
2 3/4 INCH POTS $18 Sorry, Sold Out!
   
toyo nishiki improved
toyo nishiki improved

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